Development of high success rate ports.
A port is an area, sheltered from the waves and currents, located on the edge of an ocean, sea or river, for berthing of ships, and with services necessary to the loading and unloading of cargo and temporary stock of these, as well as facilities for the movement of people and cargo around the port sector, and, in some cases, specially designated terminals for passenger accommodation.
What is a port?
What is the difference between port and terminal?
A port is defined by its access channel, evolution basin and its navigational aids. A Port, usually has several terminals, for example the port of Santos-SP, has sugar, soy terminals, gas, oil, chemicals, containers etc.
A terminal is defined by a previously designed space within a port. For example, within the port complex of Itajaí, there are several terminals, for loading/unloading of containers, other terminals intended for chemical vessels, other than passenger ships terminal.
What enables the construction of a port?
Basicamente, 3 fatores:
1. Technical feasibility.
2. Economic viability.
3. Public Interest.
As shown in "1", we have the ease of making possible the ship access to desired area safely, minimizing the potential environmental impacts, and mainly, provide necessary infrastructure for the care of the vessel.
Regarding the above in "2", based on the strategy of geographical position, equivalence of regional commercial choir, installation and maintenance costs, in relation to the number and size of vessels, - the self sustainability.
Finally, in "3", the public interest, that is, if the activity is beneficial for most individuals or legal entities previously installed in the region. For example, in the case of a passenger ship port, with strong tourist activity in the region, there is high public interest.
It consists of the design of the access channel, nautical signaling, turning basin, volume to be dredged and maintenance dredging costs. However, it must be possible and economically viable, and of course, the intention of shipping companies effecting scales there.
Obviously, like any enterprise, the terms of installation and maintenance costs, compared to estimates of revenue collected.
How to develop a port?
The activity order to a port is receiving ships, therefore, the greater the number of ships itreceives, for operational efficiency and lower cost with dredging, the greater your success rate.
How is defined the success rate of a port?
In what consists the development activity of high success rate ports?
As a port consists of large vessels landing, its development should be based on geographical location, access channel and berth.
So, bit dredge, in essence means lower costs. Admitting the largest ships on a route that they already pass, means increase revenue. All of this results in a high success rate.